In the late 1880s, the American sporting goods factory. Parker Brothers, began to try their hand at manufacturing proper gear. This year the company has already engaged in the export of equipment for tennis. But it was effortless and did not perform well in comparison with modern analogs. The tennis balls were made of hard rubber or corkwood, they were covered with a special material to prevent damage to the furniture, so they bounced off very badly, and the path was unpredictable.
Table Tennis History
Englishman James Gibb visited America and noticed how children play with plastic toys. After which this material was introduced into the game. He brought this innovation to his native England, and tennis plastic balls began to be actively and successfully used almost at the beginning of the history of table tennis. This fueled even greater interest in the sports population, although table tennis was already quite popular.
For many years, the name of this hobby has changed: Flim-Flam, Gossamer, Whiff-Whaff, but in the end, the brand name Parker Brothers was adopted. This name most of all reflected the sound of the ball hitting the table and the racket for table tennis. Then, after England, the history of table tennis began to spread throughout Europe, America, Australia, and Asia.
The first world championship in the rules of table tennis was held in London in 1926, and only seven teams took part in it. In the thirties, the British lost their world championship. Fred Perry became the last player in history to win in Wimbledon singles, and also won the crown of the world table tennis championship in 1928-1929. Further success passed to emigrants from Europe. Victor Barna from Hungary and Richard Bergman became living legends in the history of table tennis for numerous victories and achievements.
Table tennis game in The Second World War.
The history of table tennis during World War II shows us that this sport has penetrated very much into most of Europe. At this time, Czechoslovakia and Hungary were able to grow a large number of world-class players and invent new methods and techniques. In the postwar period, the Czechs, Hungarians and the British continued to dominate the world arena. In the late fifties, competitions in Britain already attracted up to 15 thousand spectators. In 1952, the Japanese appeared on the international stage and tennis would never be the same. How did table tennis look like.
For almost a decade, the Japanese were world leaders due to the tight, fast and very aggressive game. They revived the old grip (like a pen) and conducted a revolution in tactics (kamikaze tactics). They also did a revolution in the history of table tennis using rubber linings.
Conventional table tennis rackets would be almost impossible to achieve such results. The pads were made of parchment, which is used when reeling the drum. The first rackets were made of wood, then of plywood lined with cork. One of the brilliant players noticed that the ball flies much faster if you use rubber instead of cork. With the advent of synthetic rubber, a racket appeared; plywood base, covered with rubber linings with indentations in or out. This made it possible not only to play quickly, and not more subtly, with various technical and tactical techniques. The ball could have been given a big spin at high speed. Sliced punches have become indispensable elements that even entry-level athletes should have.
The introduction of restrictions.
In 1951-1952, everything changed with the appearance in the history of the Japanese tennis player Sato. Until that time, there were no standards, and players could use anything. At the same time, the first-class players continued to experiment with new technologies. But with the arrival of Sato, it became clear that it was necessary to impose restrictions on the types of table tennis rackets used since his tennis cannon was the most extraordinary of all time. It was a vast rubber racket, and it consisted of a wooden middle layer, and rubber pads on both sides, two inches on each side.
This event almost destroyed table tennis.
Sato was not a great player, but the results of his game were impressive. No one had ever seen such a speed that the table tennis balls developed after his strikes, and one could not repel the blow. He didn’t need to learn techniques and skills, just hit the ball. In the end, the international federation banned it and introduced a standard with a wooden racket, layers of sponge and little rubber on both sides. One side was smooth, and the other in the pimples, this model has become the most popular until today.
As a result, the game became faster than before Sato, but it was not possible to play. The foam layer increased the rebound and speed of the ball. At this time in the entire history, there were no restrictions on the width, and it became clear that the racket for table tennis has more significance.
French inventions in table tennis.
Then the French began to use the outer covering of natural rubber. The effect of this sensational, almost the same as during the appearance of the sponge. Smooth, natural rubber could neutralize the spin already on the ball. By and large, the turn has ceased to influence the receiving side. Thus, the ball lost its rotation, speed and just returned it to the batter, who then did not get into the field.
The attacking player performed an aggressive cycle with lateral rotation, but the defense delivered significant problems, and the skill and strength of the attacker returned against him. Suddenly, relatively technically weak French won a large number of titles from other countries.
But French developers didn’t stop at this table tennis story. At the next stage of development, they combined the use of smooth, natural rubber from the outside and with studs from the inside towards the sponge. Many players had to change the style of the game, and the parties got different properties and method of play because one of the parties could knock down the pace of the game.
Today, most of these linings are imported from Japan. You can test the effect of each of the parties, for this you need to put the rackets on the floor and throw the ball from a height of 3 meters. From the variant with the healthy side, the ball usually flies off to a height of 300 millimeters, and from the bottom with natural rubber less than 20 millimeters.
The leading countries of modern tennis.
In the modern history of table tennis there is a big struggle for the championship among men, but among women, Chinese women are leading without reservation.
Table tennis made its debut at the Olympic Games in Seoul (South Korea) in 1988.
South Australia is the first country to form an official union in 1923.